Nepal is bird watcher's paradise. Nepal has various types of birds that are endangered too. It boasts 848-recorded species of birds. An ardent bird watcher can travel the length and breadth of Nepal doing little else for bird watching. Birding is possible everywhere in Nepal from the hot plains to the mountainous region.
Some Major places For Bird watching.
Koshi Barrage and Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
These lies to the far east of Nepal. The Koshi is great for waterfowl and waders with about 26 varieties of ducks alone. The method of viewing birds in the Koshi by boat, gliding through the waters in the stillness of the early morning and evening. The reserve has more than 450 species of birds including Honey Kites, Ospreys, Black headed Orioles, Black Ibis, Peregrine Falcon, Storks, Partridges.
The Shivapuri Watershed and Wildlife Reserve
The area lies 12km north of the capital city. Laughing Thrush, Crested Serpent Eagle, Ruby-Throats, Babblers and Little pied flycatchers have been sighted in this area. Besides Shivapuri, Nagarjune at an altitude 2100m displays various types of birds such pheasants, magpies, Ruby-throats and Sunbirds.
The Chitwan National Park
The park is the well-known site in Nepal for bird watching activities. The park has around 500 recorded species of birds including Stork billed kingfishers, Asian paradise flycatchers, Bee-eaters, Blue Indian roller and Cormorants.
Bardia National Park
Bardia is also the paradise for bird watching. The best location to see the birds is the mighty flowing Karnali River. Boating on the Karnali River is a great way to see the various types of birds such as Oriental pied hornbills, Night Herons, Ruddy Shell duck, Purple herons.
The Kathmandu valley
It has four main bird watching areas. One can start on the banks of the Bagmati and Manohara Rivers. Kingfishers, Egrets, Ibis bill, Wood sand pipers, Plovers, Herons are sighted along these areas. The Chovar gorge is particularly recommended as an area for birds as its isolation from human habitation has encouraged their presence.
It is another ideal site with a Red-headed Trogan (it was last seen 44 years ago), a very rare bird sighted here in 2000. It lies 18km southeast of Kathmandu at an altitude 2760m. About 90 species of birds have been recorded in this area including Babbler, Cutia, Endemic spring, Mountain hawk Eagle, Black-throated parrot bill and Rufous Bellied pied woodpeckers.
The Pokhara valley
The Phewa and Begnas Lakes and its surrounded areas are the perfect location to see the bird watching, particularly in the less inhabited area. Around Phewa Lake, you discover such types of birds Herons, ducks, falcons, pipits, egrets, terns and buntings plus gulls. Likewise the Begnas Lake, where Happie Grey Bellied Tesias, ducks, bulbuls, pheasant-tailed jacana can be seen.
In the higher areas of Nepal on the trekking routes are also excellent for bird watching. Such trekking areas, Jomsom Trek, Annapurna sanctuary, Rara Jumla Trek, Arun valley, Sagarmatha national park, Langtang and Gosainkunda Trek are best location to see the birds. Besides trekking routes, Lumbini is also the good spot to discover the birds. Sarus crane the world's tallest and endangered bird can be found in Lumbini.